Blog Assignment #6

NOTE: COMMENTS ARE NOW TURNED BACK ON. — Monday, March 12, 2007

For Monday, 3/12, please use the “Cited Ref Search” in Web of Science to create a “citation tree” with three “branches.” See instructions below.

Also, as usual, reflect on the current state of your research in general and on this assignment in particular. What stands out for you? What’s surprising or interesting about your “tree”? What picture of scholarly knowledge do you get? Did you find any new useful sources? Are you beginning to recognize authors or journals? Did you play with any of the other Web of Science analytical features, and if so, what did you find?

Instructions

  1. Pick an important article (or book) citation from your research and plug it into the Cited Ref Search.
  2. Go as far forward and backward in one “branch” from that citation as you can. For this assignment, you must pick hyperlinked, frequently cited citations if you can — preferably ones that interest you.
  3. Pick a citation from the first “branch” and follow it as far forward and backward as you can in a different direction.
  4. Pick a citation from the second branch and follow it as far forward and backward as you can in a different direction.
  5. List the citations in three separate branches, clearly labeled. Within each branch, put the citations in chronological order from newest to oldest. Put two asterisks next to the three “stem” citations.
  6. Use exactly the following citation style: First Author’s Last Name, “Title of article,” JOURNAL OR BOOK TITLE, Year.

Example
BRANCH 1
Bartley, “Imagining the future in the ‘Awakening,’ ” COLLEGE ENGLISH, 2000.
LeBlanc, “The metaphorical lesbian: Edna Pontellier in the ‘Awakening,’ ” TULSA STUDIES IN WOMEN’S LITERATURE, 1996.
Seidel, “Art is an unnatural act: Mademoiselle Reisz in the ‘Awakening,’ ” MISSISSIPPI QUARTERLY, 1993.
**Ellmann, OSCAR WILDE, 1987.
BRANCH 2
**Bartley, “Imagining the future in the ‘Awakening,’ ” COLLEGE ENGLISH, 2000.
Buell, “In pursuit of ethics — Introduction (Ethics and Literary Studies),” PUBLICATIONS OF THE MODERN LANGUAGE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA, 1999.
Derrida, “Adieu + The funeral oration for Emmanuel Levinas on December 28 1995,” CRITICAL INQUIRY, 1995.
Blanchot, ENTRETIEN INFINI, 1969.
BRANCH 3
Cook, “Geographies of food: following,” PROGRESS IN HUMAN GEOGRAPHY, 2006.
Hughes, “Geographies of exchange and circulation: transnational trade and governance,” PROGRESS IN HUMAN GEOGRAPHY, 2006.
Hughes, “Geographies of exchange and circulation: alternative trading spaces,” PROGRESS IN HUMAN GEOGRAPHY, 2005.
Bryant RL, “Consuming narratives: the political ecology of ‘alternative’ consumption,” TRANSACTIONS OF THE INSTITUTE OF BRITISH GEOGRAPHERS, 2004.
Popke, “Poststructuralist ethics: subjectivity, responsibility and the space of community,” PROGRESS IN HUMAN GEOGRAPHY, 2003.
Sanders, “Reading lessons (Ethics, politics, literary studies),” DIACRITICS: A REVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY CRITICISM, 1999.
**Buell, “In pursuit of ethics — Introduction (Ethics and Literary Studies),” PUBLICATIONS OF THE MODERN LANGUAGE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA, 1999.
Nealon, “The ethics of dialogue: Bakhtin and Levinas,” COLLEGE ENGLISH, 1997.
Hale, “Bakhtin in African-American literary theory,” ELH: ENGLISH LITERARY HISTORY, 1994.
Bruce, “W.E.B. Dubois and the idea of double consciousness,” AMERICAN LITERATURE, 1992.
Holt, “The political uses of alienation – W.E.B. Dubois on politics, race, and culture, 1903-1940,” AMERICAN QUARTERLY, 1990.
Appiah, RACE, WRITING, AND DIFFERENCE, 1986.

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    • Jeremy Bartucca
    • March 12th, 2007

    BRANCH 1
    Dolce M, Cardone D, Ponzo FC, et al., Shaking table tests on reinforced concrete frames without and with passive control systems, EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING & STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS 34 (14): 1687-1717 NOV 25 2005
    Dolce M, Cardone D
    Theoretical and experimental studies for the application of shape memory alloys in civil engineerin
    JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME 128 (3): 302-311 JUL 2006
    McCormick J, DesRoches R, Fugazza D, et al.
    Seismic vibration control using superelastic shape memory alloys
    JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME 128 (3): 294-301 JUL 2006
    Hashemi A, Mosalam KM
    Shake-table experiment on reinforced concrete structure containing masonry infill wall
    EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING & STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS 35 (14): 1827-1852 NOV 25 2006
    BRANCH 2
    Janke L, Czaderski C, Motavalli M, et al.
    Applications of shape memory alloys in civil engineering structures – Overview, limits and new ideas
    MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES 38 (279): 578-592 JUN 2005
    Moser K, Bergamini A, Christen R, et al.
    Feasibility of concrete prestressed by shape memory alloy short fibers
    MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES 38 (279): 593-600 JUN 2005
    Janke L, Czaderski C, Motavalli M, et al.
    Applications of shape memory alloys in civil engineering structures – Overview, limits and new ideas
    MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES 38 (279): 578-592 JUN 2005
    Moser K, Bergamini A, Christen R, et al.
    Feasibility of concrete prestressed by shape memory alloy short fibers
    MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES 38 (279): 593-600 JUN 2005
    What was interesting to me about my tree is that my second branch kept going on and on with just one person referencing the work most of the time. At the beginning I had a hard time finding a good reference to use because all of the ones that I had looked up before this blog assignment did not show up in web of science. However, this being the first time that I am using web of science I like what I see and simple to use and has returned some good results, though most of them not cited by other for my topic. The picture of scholarly knowledge that I am now beginning to understand is that researchers spend a majority of their time looking at other research well before they attempt their own experiments. A useful journal that I found for this assignment was , progress in structural engineering and materials, is important to the research I am doing as it involves structural materials. I also found it interesting that one of the authors cited himself from a previous work.

    • Maggie Hennessy
    • March 12th, 2007

    Branch 1
    Poortinga, ?Perceptions of the environment, physical activity, and obesity,? SOCIAL SCIENTCE & MEDICINE, 2006.
    Galobardes, ?Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 2) ,? JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH, 2006.
    Tunstall, ?Place and health,? JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH, 2004.
    Parr, ?Medical geography: care and caring?, PROGRESS IN HUMAN GEOGRAPHY, 2003.
    Wakefield, ?Environmental risk and (re)action: air quality, health, and civic involvement in an urban industrial neighbourhood,? HEALTH & PLACE, 2001.
    Eisenhauer, ?Attachments to special places on public lands: An analysis of activities, reason for attachments and community connections,? SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES, 2000.
    Duram, ?Assessing public participation in US watershed planning initiatives,? SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES, 1999.
    **Endter-Wada, ?A framework for understand social science contributions to ecosystem management,? ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS, 1998.
    Born, ?Integrated envitonmental-management ? strengthening the conceptualization,? EVNIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 1995.
    Blahna, ?Public involvement in resource planning ? toward bridging the gap between policy and implementation,? SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES, 1989.
    Branch 2
    Brennan, ?Exploring rural community agency differences in Ireland and Pennsylvania,? JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES, 2007.
    Brehm, ?Dimetionson of community attachment and their relationsp to well-being in the amenity-rich, rural west,? RURAL SOCIOLOGY, 2004.
    ** Eisenhauer, ?Attachments to special places on public lands: An analysis of activities, reason for attachments and community connections,? SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES, 2000.
    Stedman, ?Is it really just a social construction? The contribution of the physical environment to sense of place,? SOCIETY & NATRUAL RESOURCES, 2003.
    Branch 3
    Jost, ?The end of the end of ideology,? AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGIST, 2006.
    Carolan, ?Conserving nature, but to what end? Conservation policies and the unanticipated ecologies they support,? ORGANIZATION & ENVIRONMENT, 2006.
    Carolan, ?The values and vulnerabilities of metaphors within the environmental sciences,? SOCIETY & NATURAL RESOURCES, 2006.
    Carolan, ?Society, biology, and ecology: Bringing nature back into sociology’s disciplinary narrative through critical realism,? ORGANIZATION & ENVIRONMENT, 2005.
    ** Stedman, ?Is it really just a social construction? The contribution of the physical environment to sense of place,? SOCIETY & NATRUAL RESOURCES, 2003.
    Hayduk, ?Attitudes, ideology, and the factor model,? POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 1995
    Judd, ?Political involvement and attitude structure in the general public,? AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW, 1981.
    I thought this was a really interesting assignment. As I followed along various “branches” information about my topic got more and more diverse. I was soon finding myself looking at article about how one’s environment can affect his or her mental capacity. It really revealed how much disciplines overlap when looking into real-world research and problems. Very rarely will an issue fit only into one area of study. It was very helpful looking at how the authors of articles use each others works because it gave insight into how they try and solve the problems facing our environment in a practicle way. Searching through cited references also revealed articles that wouldn’t come up in a simple topic search because it may not contain the key words i was searching, but would be related to the topic. Scholarly knowledge is much more of an interconnected web than i had realized.

    • Myra Fulp
    • March 12th, 2007

    BRANCH 1
    Kilpatrick, Chmura, Gibbons, Fleischer, Marra, Daszak, ?Predicting the global spread of H5N1 avian influenza,? PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 2006.
    **Webby RJ, Webster RG, ?Are We Ready for Pandemic Influenza?? SCIENCE, 2003.
    Tumpey, ?Characterization of a highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza a virus isolated from duck meat,? Journal of Virology, 2002.
    Bridges, ?Risk of influenza A (H5N1) infection among health care workers exposed to patients with influenza A (H5N1), Hong Kong,? Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2000.
    Mounts, ?Case-control study of risk factors for avian influenza A (H5N1) disease,? Hong Kong, 1997,? Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1999.
    Glezen, ?Emerging Infections: Pandemic Influenza,? Epidemiologic Reviews, 1996.
    Alling, Blackwelder, Stuartharris, ?A STUDY OF EXCESS MORTALITY DURING INFLUENZA EPIDEMICS IN THE UNITED-STATES, 1968-1976,? American Journal of Epidemiology, 1981.
    Eickhoff, Sherman, Serfling, ?OBSERVATIONS ON EXCESS MORTALITY ASSOCIATED WITH EPIDEMIC INFLUENZA,? JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 1961.
    Gundelfinger, Stille, Bell, ?EFFECTIVENESS OF INFLUENZA VACCINES DURING AN EPIDEMIC OF ASIAN INFLUENZA,? New England Journal of Medicine, 1958.
    Jensen, ?NEW SET OF TYPE-A INFLUENZA VIRUSES,? JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 1957.
    Shope, ?The incidence of neutralizing antibodies for swine influenza virus in the sera of human beings of different ages,? Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1936.
    Smith, Andrewes, Laidlaw, ?A Virus Obtained from Influenza Patients,? Lancet, 1933.
    Shope, ?Studies on Immunity to Swine Influenza Virus,? Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1932.
    Branch 2
    Day, Andre, Park, ?The evolutionary emergence of pandemic influenza,? PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 2006.
    ** Bridges, ?Risk of influenza A (H5N1) infection among health care workers exposed to patients with influenza A (H5N1), Hong Kong,? Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2000.
    Frank, Taber, Wells, Glezen, Paredes, ?PATTERNS OF SHEDDING OF MYXOVIRUSES AND PARAMYXOVIRUSES IN CHILDREN,? Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1981.
    Muchmore, Parkinson, Humphries, Scott, McIntosh, Cooney, Miles, ?PERSISTENT PARA-INFLUENZA VIRUS SHEDDING DURING ISOLATION AT THE SOUTH-POLE,? Nature, 1981.
    Allen, Bradburn, Stott, Goodwin, Tyrrell, ?OUTBREAK OF COMMON COLDS AT AN ANTARCTIC BASE AFTER 17 WEEKS OF COMPLETE ISOLATION,? Journal of Hygiene, 1973.
    Paul, Freese, ?An epidemiological and bacteriological study of the “common cold” in an isolated arctic community (Spitsbergen),? American Journal of Hygiene, 1931.
    Jordan, Norton, Sharp, ?The Common Cold,? Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1923.
    Foster, ?The etiology of common colds – The probable role of a filtrable virus as the causative factor with experiments on the cultivation of a minute micro-organism from the nasal secretion filtrates,? Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1917.
    Noguchi, ?Contribution to the cultivation of the parasite of rabies,? Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1913.
    Poor, Steinhardt, ?Two methods for obtaining a virus of rabies, freed from the cells of the host and from contaminating organisms, and the application of these methods to other filterable viruses or glycerin-extracts,? Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1913.
    Branch 3
    McKinnon, ?Clinical scenarios,? Medical Journal of Australia, 2006.
    Boyd, Clezy, Lindley, Pearce, ?Pandemic influenza: clinical issues,? Medical Journal of Australia, 2006.
    ** Frank, Taber, Wells, Glezen, Paredes, ?PATTERNS OF SHEDDING OF MYXOVIRUSES AND PARAMYXOVIRUSES IN CHILDREN,? Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1981.
    Hall, Douglas, Geiman, Meagher, ?VIRAL SHEDDING PATTERNS OF CHILDREN WITH INFLUENZA-B INFECTION,? Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1979.
    Hall, Douglas, ?RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS AND INFLUENZA – PRACTICAL COMMUNITY SURVEILLANCE,? American Journal of Diseases in Children, 1976.
    Grist, Ross, Stott, ?INFLUENZA RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS AND PNEUMONIA IN GLASGOW 1962-5,? British Medical Journal, 1967.
    Beem, Wright, Hamre, Egerer, Oehme, ?ASSOCIATION OF THE CHIMPANZEE CORYZA AGENT WITH ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISEASE IN CHILDREN,? New England Journal of Medicine, 1960.
    Chanock, Parrott, Cook, Andrews, Bell, Reichelderfer, Kapikian, Mastrota, Huebner, ?NEWLY RECOGNIZED MYXOVIRUSES FROM CHILDREN WITH RESPIRATORY DISEASE,? New England Journal of Medicine, 1958.
    Andrewes, Bang, Burnet, ?A SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE MYXOVIRUS GROUP (INFLUENZA AND RELATED VIRUSES),? Virology, 1955.
    Burnet, ?Influenza virus infections of the chick embryo lung.? British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 1940.
    Smith, Andrewes, ?Serological races of influenza virus,? British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 1938.
    Smith, Andrewes, Laidlaw, ?Influenza – Experiments on the immunization of ferrets and mice,? British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 1935.
    Smith, Andrewes, Laidlaw, ?A virus obtained from influenza patients,? Lancet, 1933.
    Shope, ?Studies on immunity to swine influenza,? Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1932.
    This assignment helped to find some very recent and relevant sources to my topic. The farther back I went I found many sources that were authored by the influential researchers in this field that I have learned about in the book I am reading about pandemic influenza. I was also able to see how the information on this topic has evolved from the discovery that this illness was caused by a virus, the identification of this virus, and the methods researchers are trying to come up with to fight the flu and prevent another pandemic flu.

    • Nikki Harris
    • March 12th, 2007

    I started my branch with this article: Cole, ?Abrupt change in Earth?s climate system,? ANNUAL REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCES, 2006.
    Branch 1
    Stouffer, ?Climate response to external sources of freshwater: North Atlantic versus the Southern Ocean,? JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 2007.
    Holland, ?Simulated Arctic Ocean freshwater budgets in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries,? JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 2006.
    Capra, ?Abrupt climatic changes as triggering mechanisms of massive volcanic collapses,? JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH, 2006
    **Cole, ?Abrupt change in Earth?s climate system,? ANNUAL REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCES, 2006.
    Branch 2
    ** Stouffer, ?Climate response to external sources of freshwater: North Atlantic versus the Southern Ocean,? JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 2007.
    Clark, ?The role of the thermohaline circulation in abrupt climate change,? NATURE, 2002.
    Alley, ?The deglaciation of the northern hemisphere: A global perspective,? ANNUAL REVIEW OF EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCES, 1999.
    Aagard, ?The role of sea ice and other fresh-water in the arctic circulation,? JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS, 1989.
    Brewer, ?A climatic freshing of the deep Atlantic north of 50-degrees-N over the past 20 years,? SCIENCE, 1983.
    Etkins, ?The rise of global mean sea-level as an indication of climate change,? SCIENCE, 1982.
    Branch 3
    Latif, ?Tropical sea surface temperature, vertical wind shear, and hurricane development,? GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 2007.
    Pielke, ?Reply to ‘Hurricanes and global warming – Potential linkages and consequences,?? BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 2006.
    Anthes, ?Hurricanes and global warming – Potential linkages and consequences,? BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 2006.
    Curry, ?A change in the freshwater balance of the Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades,? NATURE, 2003.
    Joyce, ?Long-term hydrographic changes at 52 and 66 degrees W in the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre & Caribbean,? DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY, 1999.
    ** Brewer, ?A climatic freshing of the deep Atlantic north of 50-degrees-N over the past 20 years,? SCIENCE, 1983.
    Dickson, ?Climatic reversal in northern North-Atlantic,? NATURE, 1975.
    Lamb, ?New look of climatology,? NATURE, 1969.
    Drummond, ?New value for solar constant of radiation,? NATURE, 1968.
    Johnson, ?The solar constant,? JOURNAL OF METEOROLOGY, 1954.
    Dobson, ?Observations of the amount of ozone in the earth’s atmosphere and its relation to other geophysical conditions – Part IV,? PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-CONTAINING PAPERS OF A MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTER, 1930.
    I found this blog assignment very interesting. It is kind of weird how all these articles are connected in a web. Scholarly knowledge really is connected! Scholars feed off other scholar?s knowledge and create a web of knowledge (or web of science). And this is the title of the database we are using! I found some interesting articles and very helpful ones too that I can use. I was really excited to find a recent article that connected hurricanes and global warming and even a review of that article. But some of the branches were too far off my topic. For example, the articles I found on the solar constant. As I went further back in time, the articles were further off my topic than the most recent ones. I guess this means that in the past there were different reasons for explaining global warming than there are today (like today we know there is El Nino). I was able to recognize authors, but I didn?t use and repeating authors in my branches. I found the most articles by Aagard. The most common journal was SCIENCE. Most of the journals were either about oceans or climate (JOURNAL OF CLIMATE). Some were also in meteorological journals. This assignment seems strange, but it turned out to be very helpful. But I didn?t get a chance to use any of the analytical features.
    My research process seems to still be going well. But now I am worried again about my interview. The researcher hasn?t emailed me in a while, so I need to try to contact him again soon! I would have liked to get more done over spring break, but this assignemt helped.

    • Diana Tysinger
    • March 12th, 2007

    I found that the hardest part of doing this assignment was getting started. Most of the sources I had I could not find in the citation search and I found that frustrating. I ended up searching the Web of Science database for an article I knew that I had found there, and upon finding that particular entry I was able to easily start the assignment. I was surprised at how logical and simple this interface made searching through the different citations, once I got the idea it was straightforward. I found that going forward in the citations tended to produce more on topic results than back searching. This is probably due to the fact that what I am researching has only been discovered in about the past 30 years. Even though some of the articles were not specifically useful to my project, it was amazing how far back the different articles link through citations. I found one particularly useful source while searching, ?C-60 ? Buckminsterfullerene.? That article alone had over 5,000 citations and most of them do deal with fullerenes and hopefully others that deal with their uses. I found the limit citations by topic incredibly useful on the Web of Science; it was on a toolbar near the top of the page. It allowed me to get rid of the articles that would not likely deal with fullerenes, like social science papers.
    Branch 1
    Anonymous, ?Nanostructured assemblies,? CHEMICAL SOCIETY REVIEWS, 2006.
    Shirai, ?Recent progress on nanovehicles,? CHEMICAL SOCIETY REVIEWS, 2006.
    Chen, ?Spherical aromaticity: Recent work on fullerenes, polyhedral boranes, and related structures,? CHEMICAL REVIEWS, 2005.
    Johansson, ?Sphere currents of Buckminsterfullerene,? ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 2005.
    **Delaney, ?C-60 as a Faraday cage,? APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 2004.
    Branch 2
    **Johansson, ?Sphere Currents of Buckminsterfullerene,? ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 2005.
    Kroto, ?C-60 ? Buckminsterfullerene,? NATURE, 1985.
    Rohlfing, ?Production And Characterization Of Supersonic Carbon Cluster Beams,? JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 1984.
    Dietz, ?Laser Production Of Supersonic Metal Cluster Beams,? JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 1981.
    Marmar, ?System For Rapid Injection Of Metal Atoms Into Plasmas,? REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, 1975
    Ready, ?Effects of High Power Laser Radiation,? ACADEMIC , 1971
    Branch 3
    Wang, ?Ordered Mesoporous Carbon As An Efficient And Reversible Adsorbent For The Adsorption Of Fullerenes,? LANGMUIR, 2006
    Komatsu, ?A Highly Improved Method For Purification Of Fullerenes Applicable To Large-Scale Production,? CARBON, 2004
    Theobald, ?Extraction And Purification Of Fullerenes – A Comprehensive Review,? SEPARATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 1995
    Kratschmer, ?Solid C-60 – A New Form Of Carbon,? NATURE, 1990
    **Kroto, ?C-60 ? Buckminsterfullerene,? NATURE, 1985.
    Hopkins, ?Supersonic Metal Cluster Beams Of Refractory-Metals – Spectral Investigations Of Ultracold Mo-2,? JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 1983
    Gole, ?Laser Spectroscopy Of Cooled Metal-Clusters – Copper Dimer,? JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, 1982
    Steele, ?Photoluminescence, Lifetimes, And Discharge Excitation Of Cu-2,? JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY, 1976
    Kleman, ?The Band-Spectrum Of The Cu2-Molecule,? ARKIV FOR FYSIK, 1954
    Singh, ACADEMIC, 1946

    • Tria Metzler
    • March 12th, 2007

    Over spring break, I worked my way through the last of my sources, and I went through and typed almost all of my useful quotes. I plan to cut them out and try to place them in the order I will cite them in paper; it helps me structure my paper and make sure I stay on topic as I have to explain the next citation in the sequence. Some of the sources had surprising results. For example, The Animal Ethics Reader (Armstrong, Susan J., and Richard George Botzler. The Animal Ethics Reader. London ; New York: Routledge, 2003.) was actually not all that helpful. Though it is a decent sized book and the focus is clearly animal rights and welfare, the book focuses on fields such as animal experimentation, animals for food, religious perspectives, zoos, and genetic engineering, and never discusses pet cloning directly. I assumed there would be many interesting and useful ideas that I could use as building blocks for my paper, and was a little disappointed by the lack thereof. However, I found the book Animal Rights (Dudley, William. Animal Rights. Farmington Hills, Mich; Detroit, Mich.: Greenhaven Press; Thomson Gale, 2006.), a book I acquired through tripsaver from the vet school, to be much more useful than I would have guessed. Though the book is a mere 110 pages long, it is packed with relevant arguments and strong supporting evidence. I read the entire thing without even realizing I was doing so. Each section had interesting points and arguments, and the book has a feature called ?Fast Facts? in every section that are very useful and relevant to my topic, though they are not commonly known items.
    An interesting trend I noticed while looking through most of the books I acquired from the stacks of DH Hill is that about half are not even real text written by a single author; most are compilations of articles set up in an opposing manner. For example, the book Animal Rights will first cite an article in support of animals having rights and then follow it with an article opposing animal rights. This provides the reader with the key arguments from both sides of the issue, and helped me define and revise my arguments and though processes on the subject. Though not quite as useful, anther source with this layout is Controversies in Science & Technology, another book I found on the DH Hill stacks (Kleinman, Daniel Lee, Abby J. Kinchy, and Jo Handelsman. Controversies in science and technology : from maize to menopause. Science and technology in society. Madison, Wis: University of Wisconsin Press. 2005.)
    Unfortunately, I didn?t find any new, useful sources through this weeks blog as my tree tended to get ?off topic? pretty quickly as I cycled through the articles. However, I did find it interesting how most sources tend to cite mainly articles from the same journal in which the article is published; for instance, I noticed that for the Science articles, most of the citations were other Science articles from previous (and sometimes even the same) issues. Clearly the scientists performing the research depend a lot on the journal in which they then wish to publish their own work. I also noticed that many of the articles that cite an original article use many of the sources found in the bibliography of the original article; this was interesting to me because it shows how researchers use the same process we?ve just learned in class as far as using cross-referencing to find support for a topic. This also means I saw a lot of names and titles multiple times, and sometimes I would notice that more than one cited article was by the same author.
    Branch 1
    Shiels, ?Analysis of telomere lengths in cloned sheep,? NATURE, 1999
    **Solter, ?Dolly is a clone ? and no longer alone,? NATURE, 1998
    Ashworth, ?DNA microsatellite analysis of Dolly,? NATURE, 1998
    Signer, ?DNA fingerprinting Dolly,? NATURE, 1998
    Wakayama, ?Full-term development of mice from enucleated oocytes injected with cumulus cell nuclei, NATURE, 1998
    Wilmut, ?Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells,? NATURE, 1998
    Zakian, ?Telomeres ? beginning to understand the end,? SCIENCE, 1995
    Branch 2
    **Anderson, ?Developmental biology ? Cloning for profit,? SCIENCE, 1998
    Ashworth, ?DNA microsatellite analysis of Dolly,? NATURE, 1998
    Campbell, ?Sheep cloned by nuclear transfer from a cultured cell line,? NATURE, 1996
    Cibelli, ?Cloned transgenic calves produced from nonquiescent fetal fibroblasts,? SCIENCE, 1984
    McGrath, ?Inability of mouse blastomere nuclei transferred to enucleated zygotes to support development of invitro,? SCIENCE, 1984
    Oh, ?Spindlin, a major maternal transcript expressed in the mouse during the transition from oocyte to embryo,? DEVELOPMENT, 1997
    Rothstein, ?Gene-expression during pre-implantation mouse development,? GENES & DEVELOPMENT, 1992
    Schnieke, ?Human factor IX transgenic sheep produced by transfer of nuclei from transfected fetal fibrosis,? SCIENCE, 1997
    Sgaramella, ?Dolly confirmation,? SCIENCE, 1998
    Signer, ?DNA fingerprinting Dolly,? NATURE, 1998
    Wakayama, ?Full-term development of mice from enucleated oocytes injected with cumulus cell nuclei, NATURE, 1998
    Wilmut, ?Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells,? NATURE, 1998
    Branch 3
    **Tian, ?Reprogramming of epigenetic inheritance by somatic cell nuclear transfer,? REPRODUCTIVE BIOMEDICINE ONLINE, 2004
    Lewis, ?Commercial aspects of cloning and genetic modification in cattle,? AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AGRICULTURE, 2004
    Tian, ?Cloning of aged animals: A medical model for tissue and organ regeneration,? TRENDS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE, 2001
    Koo, ?In vitro development of reconstructed porcine oocytes after somatic cell nuclear transfer,? BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION, 2000
    Renard, ?Chromatin remodelling and nuclear reprogramming at the onset of embryonic development in mammals? REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT, 1998
    Prelle, ?Establishment of pluripotent cell lines from vertebrate species – Present status and future prospects,? CELLS TISSUES ORGANS, 1999
    Hernandez, ?Functional genomics – Clinical effect and the evolving role of the surgeon,? ARCHIVES OF SURGERY, 1999
    Solter, ?Cloning and embryonic stem cells: a new era in human biology and medicine,? CROATIAN MEDICAL JOURNAL, 1999
    Corley-Smith, ?Preservation of endangered species and populations: A role for genome banking, somatic cell cloning, and androgenesis?,? MOLECULAR REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT, 1999
    Taylor, ?Superhumans cover story,? NEW SCIENTIST, 1998
    Solter, ?Dolly is a clone – and no longer alone,? NATURE, 1998

    • Patrick Proctor
    • March 12th, 2007

    BRANCH 1
    Hong, Nakashima, Konishi, et al. “Interventional navigation for abdominal therapy based on simultaneous use of MRI and ultrasound,” MEDICAL & BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING & COMPUTING, 2006.
    Chau, Gopal, Mao, et al. “Comparison of three generations of electron beam tomography on image noise and reproducibility, a phantom study,” INVESTIGATIVE RADIOLOGY, 2006.
    Gerber, Stratmann, Kuzo, et al. “Effect of acquisition technique on radiation dose and image quality in multidetector row computed tomography coronary angiography with submillimeter collimation,” INVESTIGATIVE RADIOLOGY, 2005.
    **Darby and de Gonzalez, “Risk of cancer from diagnostic X-rays: estimates for the UK and 14 other countries,” THE LANCET, 2004.
    Golding, “Radiation dose in CT: are we meeting the challenge?” BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, 2002.
    Mini, “Radiation exposure of patients who undergo CT of the trunk,” RADIOLOGY, 1995.
    Badcock, “The Radiation-Dose to patients from the Philips CT scanner,” COMPUTERIZED RADIOLOGY, 1985.
    Villafana, “Health physics aspects of EMI computerized tomography brain scanner,” HEALTH PHYSICS, 1978.
    Perry, “Computerized transverse axial scanning (Tomography) .3. Radiation-Dose considerations,” BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, 1973.
    BRANCH 2
    Sun, Zhang, Benjamin, et al. “Enhanced efficacy of an AAV vector encoding chimeric, highly secreted acid alpha-glucosidase in glycogen storage disease type II,” MOLECULAR THERAPY, 2006.
    Koeberl, Sun, Damodaran, et al. “Early, sustained efficacy of adeno-associated virus vector-mediated gene therapy in glycogen storage disease type Ia,” GENE THERAPY, 2006.
    Franco, Krishnamurthy, Bali, et al. “Hepatocellular carcinoma in glycogen storage disease type Ia: A case series,” JOURNAL OF INHERITED METABOLIC DISEASE, 2005.
    Frush, “Review of radiation issues for computed tomography,” SEMINARS IN ULTRASOUND CT AND MRI, 2004.
    Nickoloff and Alderson, “Radiation exposures to patients from CT: Reality, public perception, and policy,” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ROENTGENOLOGY, 2001.
    ** Mini, “Radiation exposure of patients who undergo CT of the trunk,” RADIOLOGY, 1995.
    Huda, “CT dosimetry and risk estimates,” RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY, 1985.
    BRANCH 3
    Mendelson and Fallat, “Pediatric injuries: Prevention to resolution,” SURGICAL CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 2007.
    Westra, “Imaging evaluation of pediatric chest trauma,” RADIOLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 2005.
    **Frush, “Review of radiation issues for computed tomography,” SEMINARS IN ULTRASOUND CT AND MRI, 2004.
    Feinendegen, “Biologic responses to low doses of ionizing radiation: Detriment versus hormesis Part1. Dose responses of cells and tissues,” JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE, 2001.
    Hashimoto, “The suppression of metastases and the change in host immune response after low-dose total-body irradiation in tumor-bearing rats,” RADIATION RESEARCH, 1999.
    Spellman, “Low-dose radiosensitivity of alloimmune cyto-toxic T-cells,” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 1982.
    Swain, “Helper cells activated by allogenic H-2K or H-2D differences have a LY phenotype distinct from those responsive to I differences,” JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY, 1979.
    Shen, “Preparation and use of LY antisera,” IMMUNOGENETICS, 1975.
    Boyse, “Improved complementation in cytoxic test,” TRANSPLANTATION, 1970.
    Gorer, “The cytotoxic activity of isoantibodies in mice,” TRANSPLANTATION BULLETIN, 1956.
    Schutze, “The resistance of four mouse lines to bacterial infection,” JOURNAL OF HYGIENE, 1936.
    Webster, “Inherited and acquired factors in resistance to infection II. A comparison of mice inherently resistant or susceptible to Bacillus enteritidis infection with respect to fertility, weight, and susceptibility to various routes and types of infection,” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 1933.
    Stillman, “The presence of bacteria in the lungs of mice following inhalation,” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 1923.
    Wherry, “Inhalation experiments on influenza and pneumonia and on the importance of spray-borne bacteria in respiratory infections,” JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 1920.
    Krumwiede, “The separation of a distinct paratyphoid, group among strains of rodent origin,” JOURNAL OF MEDICAL RESEARCH, 1919.
    Going through the citations like this helped me find several new sources that will potentially be incorporated into my paper. Tracing these sources back in time was really interesting because I got to see how topics that seem to be unrelated share a common link. Once I went back five or six sources, I often found that the papers had nothing to do with the original topic. I could also see how investigation into the risks of CT scans and radiation in general has evolved over the past half century or so.
    My research is going really well. I have more sources than I know what to do with, but that’s a good thing. Now I just have to decide which ones are the most important and useful. Using Web of Science to find out how many times something is cited is a good way to do that, and is a method I’d never considered before. I’m going to rank my sources based on number of citations and see where that leaves me.

    • Dylan Selinger
    • March 12th, 2007

    First Branch:
    **McIntyre, ?Involvement in risk recreation: A comparison of objective and subjective measures of engagement? J.Leisure Res., 1992.
    Havitz Leisure involvement revisited: Drive properties and paradoxes JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH 1999
    Kyle An examination of the relationship between leisure activity involvement and place attachment among hikers along the Appalachian Trail JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH 2003
    Kyle An examination of recreationists’ relationships with activities and settings LEISURE SCIENCES 2004
    Kyle An examination of the motivation – Involvement relationship
    LEISURE SCIENCES 2006
    Second Branch:
    **McIntyre, ?Involvement in risk recreation: A comparison of objective and subjective measures of engagement? J.Leisure Res., 1992.
    Havitz Leisure involvement revisited: Conceptual conundrums and measurement advances JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH 1997
    Iwasaki A path analytic model of the relationships between involvement, psychological commitment, and loyalty
    JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH 1998
    Kyle An examination of the relationship between leisure activity involvement and place attachment among hikers along the Appalachian Trail JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH 2003
    Third Branch:
    **McIntyre, ?Involvement in risk recreation: A comparison of objective and subjective measures of engagement? J.Leisure Res., 1992.
    EWERT INDIVIDUAL AND SETTING ATTRIBUTES OF THE ADVENTURE RECREATION EXPERIENCE LEISURE SCIENCES 1994
    Scott Recreational specialization: A critical look at the construct
    JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH 2001
    More The structure of recreation behavior
    JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH 2003
    I also tried a backwards tree progression by looking at the cited works of my first document and so on?.:
    **McIntyre, ?Involvement in risk recreation: A comparison of objective and subjective measures of engagement? J.Leisure Res., 1992.
    EWERT TESTING THE ADVENTURE MODEL – EMPIRICAL SUPPORT FOR A MODEL OF RISK RECREATION PARTICIPATION JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH 1989
    HEYWOOD EXPERIENCE PREFERENCES OF PARTICIPANTS IN DIFFERENT TYPES OF RIVER RECREATION GROUPS JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH 1987
    BUCHANAN SOCIAL-GROUPS AND THE MEANINGS OF OUTDOOR RECREATION ACTIVITIES JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH 1981
    BERGER THE SOCIOLOGY OF LEISURE – SOME SUGGESTIONS INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 1962
    DONALD THE MEANINGS OF LEISURE SOCIAL FORCES 1959
    It seems that I found a few more sources traveling backwards, most likely because the article that I chose is newer so there are less authors who would have published on the work since then. It was interesting traveling forwards on the tree, because I often found that many of the same articles would show up in different branches. The first few articles that I found in my tree were often helpful, but as it progressed they seemed to get more and more off topic for me. It was an interesting assignment and it gave me a few new sources to use. I have begun to recognize a few journals that seem to have helpful information, and some others that keep showing up. It is still a little hard for me to get any steam going on the project, because I want to sit down and get a lot of work done at once and really start researching, but I have not had time yet. Hopefully the interview coming up will help me to get going! Also i just realized that I already have 15 sources and I haven’t even gotten down to it yet.

    • Joseph Barton
    • March 12th, 2007

    Branch 1
    Neuber, ?Polyimide fibers obtained by spinning lyotropic solutions of rigid-rod aromatic poly(amic ethyl ester)s?, MACROMOLECULAR MATERIALS AND ENGINEERING, 2006
    **Chae, ?Rigid-rod polymeric fibers?, JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, 2006
    Adams, ?LATTICE IMAGING OF POLY(PARA-PHENYLENE BENZOBISOXAZOLE) FIBER?, POLYMER COMMUNICATIONS, 1989
    Adams, ?X-RAY-DIFFRACTION BY A NEMATIC POLYBENZOTHIAZOLE FIBER?, ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KRISTALLOGRAPHIE, 1979
    Bear, ?DIFFRACTION BY CYLINDRICAL BODIES WITH PERIODIC AXIAL STRUCTURE?, ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA, 1950
    Macgillavry, ?ON THE PATTERSON TRANSFORMS OF FIBRE DIAGRAMS?, ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA, 1948
    Branch 2
    Neuber, ?Polyimide fibers obtained by spinning lyotropic solutions of rigid-rod aromatic poly(amic ethyl ester)s?, MACROMOLECULAR MATERIALS AND ENGINEERING, 2006
    Chae, ?Rigid-rod polymeric fibers?, JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, 2006
    **Bourbigot, ?Blends of wool with high performance fibers as heat and fire resistant fabrics?, JOURNAL OF FIRE SCIENCES, 2002
    de Ris, ? A sample holder for determining material properties?, FIRE AND MATERIALS, 2000
    Branch 3
    Wang, ?Enzymatic surface modification of PBO fibres?, SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, 2007
    Wu, ?Oxygen plasma treatment of high performance fibers for composites?, MATERIALS CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 2004
    **Bai, ?SMALL-ANGLE X-RAY-SCATTERING ON FIBERS OF HETEROAROMATIC POLYMERS?, POLYMER, 1992
    Wolfe, ?RIGID-ROD POLYMERS .2. SYNTHESIS AND THERMAL-PROPERTIES OF PARA-AROMATIC POLYMERS WITH 2,6-BENZOBISTHIAZOLE UNITS IN THE MAIN CHAIN?, MACROMOLECULES, 1981
    Imai, ?POLYBENZOXAZOLES AND POLYBENZOTHIAZOLES?, MAKROMOLEKULARE CHEMIE, 1965
    Vogel, ?POLYBENZIMIDAZOLES, NEW THERMALLY STABLE POLYMERS?, JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE, 1961
    Hoste, ?DIAMINOBENZIDINE AS A REAGENT FOR VANADIUM AND SELENIUM?, ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA, 1948
    I searched for ?carbon nanotube*? in the Web of Science database and found many articles that studied the structure of polymers. The study of polymers is a fairly new subject in the sciences (since around 1900). I was surprised to see so many old journal entries that cited some of the first findings of the structures of synthetic polymers and literally writing the first instructions of how to handle this ?new? substance. It is also not surprising that many of the earlier entries had many of the same references because of the small amount of research being done on polymers at that time. Many of the references in all three branches were on techniques of studying certain polymers like: microscopy, x-ray diffraction, etc. I also noticed that there were many overlaps in ?future? referencing as well, probably from the specificity of the research topics. I am seeing frequent citings of journals such as: Polymer, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, and Materials Chemistry and Physics are the ?biggies?. My research is coming in slowly. I?m trying to find ways to narrow down my question and focus on a particular property of the elevator cable such as strength and thermal resistance.

    • Adam Nock
    • March 12th, 2007

    BRANCH 1
    Everson-Rose SA, Skarupski KA, Bienias JL, et al., Do depressive symptoms predict declines in physical performance in an elderly, biracial population?, PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE 67 (4): 609-615 JUL-AUG 2005
    Nickel MK, Nickel C, Lahmann C, et al., Recovering the ability to function socially in elderly depressed patients: a prospective, controlled trial, ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS 41 (1): 41-49 JUL-AUG 2005
    Kalmus V, What do pupils and textbooks do with each other?: Methodological problems of research on socialization through educational media, JOURNAL OF CURRICULUM STUDIES 36 (4): 469-485 JUL-AUG 2004
    HOPMANN S, RIQUARTS K, STARTING A DIALOG – ISSUES IN A BEGINNING CONVERSATION BETWEEN DIDAKTIK AND THE CURRICULUM TRADITIONS, JOURNAL OF CURRICULUM STUDIES 27 (1): 3-12 JAN-FEB 1995
    PRITCHARD RMO, GERMAN CLASSROOMS OBSERVED – A FOREIGNERS PERSPECTIVE, OXFORD REVIEW OF EDUCATION 18 (3): 213-225 1992
    ** Menck, Peter
    Nordkvelle Y, Technology and didactics: historical mediations of a relation, JOURNAL OF CURRICULUM STUDIES 36 (4): 427-444 JUL-AUG 2004
    Kansanen P, Studying – the realistic bridge between instruction and learning. An attempt to a conceptual whole of the teaching-studying-learning process, EDUCATIONAL STUDIES 29 (2-3): 221-232 JUN-SEP 2003
    Gravemeijer K, Terwel J, Hans Freudenthal: a mathematician on didactics and curriculum theory, JOURNAL OF CURRICULUM STUDIES 32 (6): 777-796 NOV 2000
    Reid WA, Principle and pragmatism in English curriculum making 1868-1918, JOURNAL OF CURRICULUM STUDIES 29 (6): 667-682 NOV-DEC 1997
    Carlgren I, Kallos D, Lessons from a comprehensive school system for curriculum theory and research: Sweden revisited after twenty years, JOURNAL OF CURRICULUM STUDIES 29 (4): 407-430 JUL-AUG 1997
    HOPMANN S, RIQUARTS K, DIDACTICS AND/OR CURRICULUM – BASIC PROBLEMS OF AN INTERNATIONALLY COMPARATIVE SCIENCE OF EDUCATION, ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PADAGOGIK : 9-34 Suppl. 33 1995
    DOYLE W, STUDIES ON THE REFORMED CURRICULUM, ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PADAGOGIK : 143-161 Suppl. 33 1995
    WESTBURY I, THE SCIENCE OF EDUCATION AND CURRICULUM THEORY – 2 SIDES OF THE SAME COIN, ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PADAGOGIK : 211-236 Suppl. 33 1995
    ** HOPMANN S, RIQUARTS K, STARTING A DIALOG – ISSUES IN A BEGINNING CONVERSATION BETWEEN DIDAKTIK AND THE CURRICULUM TRADITIONS, JOURNAL OF CURRICULUM STUDIES 27 (1): 3-12 JAN-FEB 1995
    BRANCH 4
    Terwel J, Curriculum differentiation: multiple perspectives and developments in education, JOURNAL OF CURRICULUM STUDIES 37 (6): 653-670 NOV 2005
    van Dijk IMAW, van Oers B, Terwel J, Providing or designing? Constructing models in primary maths education, LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION 13 (1): 53-72 FEB 2003
    ** Gravemeijer K, Terwel J, Hans Freudenthal: a mathematician on didactics and curriculum theory, JOURNAL OF CURRICULUM STUDIES 32 (6): 777-796 NOV 2000
    Many of the citations lead me to sources that are translated from or written by a German. My research has been coming slower lately but it is still going well.

    • Genevieve Pike
    • March 12th, 2007

    BRANCH 1:
    **Francis, ?Soda pulping of hardwoods catalyzed by anthraquinone and methyl substituted anthraquinones?, JOURNAL OF WOOD CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY, 2005
    Leyva, ?Teak extract as a catalyst for the pulping of loblolly pine?, TAPPI JOURNAL, 1998
    Wozniak, ?Lignin-derived quinones as pulping additives?, JOURNAL OF WOOD CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY, 1985
    Dimmel, ?Electron-transfer reactions in pulping systems .1. theory and applicability to anthraquinone pulping?, JOURNAL OF WOOD CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY, 1985
    Fleming, ?Soda pulping with nitrogenous redox catalysts?, TAPPI, 1979
    Kubes, ?Sulfur-free delignification ?redox potentials and pulping rates of soda-amine liquors?, TAPPI, 1978
    Fleming, ?Soda pulping with anthraquinone-mechanism?, TAPPI, 1978
    Bolker, ?Polymeric structure of spruce lignin?, SCIENCE, 1970
    Hagglund, CHEMISTRY WOOD, 1951
    BRANCH 2
    Lopez, ?Alcohols as organic solvents for the obtainment of cellulose pulp?, AFINIDAD, 2006
    ElSakhawy, ?Organosolv pulping .2. ethanol pulping of cotton stalks?, CELLULOSE CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY, 1995
    Donnini, ?300 Alkaline pulping additives-structure-activity-relationships?, PULP AND PAPER-CANADA, 1983
    Eckert, ?Catalysis of alkaline pulping by fluorenone?, TAPPI, 1980
    **Fleming, ?Soda pulping with nitrogenous redox catalysts?, TAPPI, 1979
    BRANCH 3
    Pereira, ?Effect of fungal colonization on mechanical performance of cork?, INTERNATIONAL BIODETERIORATION & BIODEGRADATION, 2006
    Rodriguez, ?Lignin biodegradation by the ascomycete Chrysonilia sitophila?, APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, 1997
    Rodriguez, ?Some new aspects of enzymatic lignin biodegradation?, BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 1988
    Ferrer, ?Thiourea effect on the lignin biodegradation?, BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS, 1987
    Werhemann, ?Partial replacement of anthraquinone by thiourea in alkaline pulping?, SVENSK PAPPERSTIDNING-NORDISK CELLULOSA, 1983
    **Eckert, ?Catalysis of alkaline pulping by fluorenone?, TAPPI, 1980
    Wragg, ?The rearrangement of amine oxides?, JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 1958
    Everatt, JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 1908
    I didn?t find this part of the research process particularly difficult. It was just time consuming but worthwhile. I think I found several sources that I will be able to use in the end. Two journals came up repeatedly, TAPPI and a somewhat surprising one Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology. I also noticed the names Fleming and Rodriguez coming up frequently. The most interesting thing I found was how I could go from paper science and engineering to pure chemistry to biology, just through citations. The thing I learned about scholarly trees is that they are enormous.

    • Amy Stepp
    • March 12th, 2007

    Branch One
    Jaggi, “Microfluidic depletion of red blood cells from whole blood in high-aspect-ratio microchannels,” MICROFLUIDICS AND NANOFLUIDICS, 2007
    **Yamada, “Microfluidic particle sorter employing flow splitting and recombining,” ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, 2006
    Carlson, “Self-sorting of white blood cells in a lattice,” PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 1997
    Brody, “Deformation and Flow of Red-Blood-Cells in a Synthetic Lattice – Evidence for an Active Cytoskeleton,” BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 1995
    Chien, “Red-Cell Deformability and Its Relevance to Blood-Flow,” ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYSIOLOGY, 1987
    Heath, “Deformability of Isolated Red-Blood-Cell Membranes,” BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA, 1982
    Teitel, “Basic Principles of Filterability Test and Analysis of Erythrocyte Flow Behavior,” BLOOD CELLS, 1977
    Jay, “Red Blood-Cell Deformability and Prostaglandins,” PROSTAGLANDINS, 1973
    Rand, “Mechanical Properties of Red Cell Membrane (Membrane Stiffness + Intracellular Pressure,” BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 1964
    Ponder, “The physical structure of the red cell membrance, with special reference to its shape,” TRANSACTIONS OF THE FARADAY SOCIETY, 1937
    Schmitt, “Optical properties of the red cell membrane,” JOURNAL OF CELLULAR AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 1936
    Ponder, “The absorption of simple lysins at cell interfaces,” PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 1934
    Reiner, “On the relation between toxicity, resistance, and time of survival, and on related phenomena,” JOURNAL OF GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY, 1934
    Branch Two
    Bremmell, “Deformation and nano-rheology of red blood cells: An AFM investigation,” COLLOIDS AND SURFACES B-BIOINTERFACES, 2006
    Kuypers, “Red cell membrane damage,” JOURNAL OF HEART VALVE DISEASE, 1998
    **Heath, “Deformability of Isolated Red-Blood-Cell Membranes,” BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA, 1982
    Branch Three
    **Kuypers, “Red cell membrane damage,” JOURNAL OF HEART VALVE DISEASE, 1998
    Gaehtgens, “Motion, Deformation, and Interaction of Blood-Cells and Plasma During Flow Through Narrow Capillary Tubes,” BLOOD CELLS, 1980
    Skalak, “Deformation of Blood Cells in Capillaries,” SCIENCE, 1969
    Guest, “Red Blood Cells – Change in Shape in Capillaries,” SCIENCE, 1963
    ]
    This research tool was very interesting for my field, because I either came up with an impossibly long string or a very short one. This probably owns to the question – Has a lot of research been done in that specific section of the field or not? With some of the strings, I felt that the papers got more and more off topic, or outdated, and were less helpful the farther I searched. However, it was really interesting to see the work that has been done in the past. Usually, in my field, the pertinent information that you tend to look for is the most recent. However, there were several interesting papers of note in the past that will be helpful to consider that I would have never found without doing the Ref Cite Search.
    I didn’t see a particular trend with journal names in the recent past. Blood Cells and Science were appropriate in the past, however. It just shows that research in nanotechnology is a multi-field subject. The fact that research on blood cells goes so far back in history can just be attributed to the never-ending science and how much is still unknown about the exact science of cells.
    I have to admit that I took spring break off from any sort of research, so I am going to have to dive back into it this week. I am looking forward to the interview this week. I think that it will be a good chance to gain some perspective on this whole project, and on my research techniques in general.

    • Meagan Stewart
    • March 13th, 2007

    BRANCH 1
    Fenech, ?A review of genome mutation and Alzheimer’s disease,? MUTAGENESIS, 2007.
    Arshavsky, ?Alzheimer’s disease, brain immune privilege and memory: a hypothesis,? JOURNAL OF NEURAL TRANSMISSION, 2006.
    Hamaguchi, ?Anti-amyloidogenic therapies: strategies for prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease,? CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCE, 2006.
    Killiany, ?Progression of atrophy in Alzheimer’s disease,? Lancet Neurology, 2006
    Ridha BH, Barnes J, Bartlett JW, et al., ?Tracking atrophy progression in familial Alzheimer’s disease: a serial MRI study ,? LANCET NEUROLOGY, 2006.
    Ohno, ?Genetic and pharmacological basis for therapeutic inhibition of beta- and gamma-secretases in mouse models of Alzheimer’s memory deficits,? REVIEW IN THE NEUROSCIENCES, 2006.
    Wolozin, ?Interventions for heart disease and their effects on Alzheimer’s disease,? NEUROLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2006.
    Mattson, ?Pathways towards and away from Alzheimer’s disease,? NATURE, 2004
    Price, ?Alzheimer’s disease: Genetic studies and transgenic models,? ANNUAL REVIEW OF GENETICS, 1998.
    **Hardy, ?Amyloid, the presenilins and Alzheimer’s disease,? TRENDS IN NEUROSCIENCES, 1997.
    BRANCH 2
    Jaseja, ?Does phenytoin play any role in prevention of Alzheimer’s disease?,? MEDICAL HYPOTHESES, 2007.
    Dhikav, ?Can phenytoin prevent Alzheimer’s disease?,? MEDICAL HYPOTHESES, 2006.
    Brunson, ?Mechanisms of late-onset cognitive decline after early-life stress,? JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 2005.
    Tanzi, ?Twenty years of the Alzheimer’s disease amyloid hypothesis: A genetic perspective,? CELL, 2005.
    **Price, ?Alzheimer’s disease: Genetic studies and transgenic models,? ANNUAL REVIEW OF GENETICS, 1998.
    BRANCH 3
    Trembath, ?The distribution of cerebrovascular amyloid in Alzheimer’s disease varies with ApoE genotype,? ACTA NEUROPATHOLOGICA, 2007.
    Blennow, ?Alzheimer’s disease,? LANCET, 2006.
    Rovelet-Lecruz, ?APP locus duplication causes autosomal dominant early-onset Alzheimer disease with cerebral amyloid angiopathy,? NATURE GENETICS, 2006.
    ** Tanzi, ?Twenty years of the Alzheimer’s disease amyloid hypothesis: A genetic perspective,? CELL, 2005.
    I made this assignment very hard at first, by trying to use articles I had previously found but that had not been cited anywhere. Once I figured out I had to use a journal that has been cited, I still struggled finding an article that produced other on topic articles through the cited ref search. What I finally ended up doing was doing a generic search in web of science for ?genetics? and ?Alzheimer?s? and sorting by number of times cited. I chose an article by Hardy that had 739 cited references. It was a lot of look through, but I found a lot of really good articles, a few which I recognized I had already found.
    I noticed a few trends, the most obvious being that the older articles had a lot more citations. For my research, the older articles will only be helpful for a general overview, but I need more update articles for specific information for my paper, which I found as I narrowed down my branches. Each time I did a search I sorted my results with ?times cited.? A few times I used the analyze function and ranked my articles by subject category, but I did not find that it was very useful for this assignment; it helped me find relevant articles, but most of which were not cited 0 or 1 times.
    As my search began to narrow, I began to see a lot of the same authors in each branch. I also began to see the same author being cited for different articles as I worked my way through the cited ref search, which will be helpful in the future.
    In addition to the authors, I discovered a lot about the Amyloid hypothesis. I need to do further research on this hypothesis, but I may change my research question to incorporate this hypothesis into it…something along the lines of ?Is the amyloid hypothesis the most effective path in finding the cure to Alzheimer?s disease??. I also noticed a lot of emphasis being put on oxidative stress in early age, the importance of the fruit fly in research, and how Alzheimer?s disease is related to physical health, all of which really surprised me and I want to look into deeper.

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